Diánoia

volume LXII, number 78, May 2017

Articles

The Naturalism of Theodor Adorno’s Subjektkritik

Gustavo Matías Robles

>PDF (181KB)
Abstract: The aim of this paper is to show that the singularity of Adorno’s critique of the philosophical subject is based on a naturalistic motif that reveals the limits of a rationalistic concept of subjectivity. I will try to pin down such concept of nature and to highlight its critical and philosophical potential for a Subjektkritik. This will both enable me to distinguish Adorno’s critique from other models of critique, and to defend his approach as a theoretical proposal for a non-repressive notion of subjectivity with the power to disarticulate the modern model of personal identity. Key words: critique, subject, nature, materialism, reason

Triangulation and Objective Content

William Duica

>PDF (172KB)
Abstract: In this paper I examine one of McDowell’s arguments against Davidson on the fixation of representational content. In the first part, I expose McDowell’s analysis according to which we can leave aside the context of triangulation when explaining how the content of perception is responsible to the objective world. In the second part, I discuss this analysis and I develop an answer that (although davidsonian in spirit) introduces a couple of elements: the distinction between interdependence and complementarity (of objective, subjective and intersubjective) and the account of what I call linguisticallyconditioned triangulation. Key words: perception, complementarity, epistemology, interdependence, linguistic-conditioned triangulation

‘Dionysian’ transformations: An analysis of Nietzsche’s Turn in Human, All Too Human

María Cecilia Barelli

Abstract: We propose to do a lecture tour of a limited stretch of Nietzsche’s corpus to put into dialogue the ideas of The Birth of Tragedy with Human, All Too human. The work’s aim is to provide the scan lines that justify the following interpretation: Although Nietzsche, in the late seventies, abandons the possibility of accessing to reality itself from the Dionysian immediacy, he maintains the aspiration of advancing in a deep knowledge of himself and reality, that contrasts with the inherited errors of artistic and metaphysical times in the past; and he retains the interest in a form of self-experimental knowledge to serve as an initiation process for new philosophical practices. Key words: knowledge, thing in itself, phenomenon, life, nature

The Notion of ‘Space’ in Young Leibniz’s Writings

Federico Raffo Quintana

>PDF (180KB)
Abstract: Abstract: In this paper we will examine the evolution of the treatment of the notion of ‘space’ in young Leibniz’s writings. We will distinguish three moments of the development of this notion. First, we will consider the conception of space as a ‘universal place’ which the philosopher of Leipzig presented between 1669 and 1671. Then, we will examine some physical writings of 1672 in which he introduced motion in the definition of body. This led him to reject his previous conception of space as ‘universal place’. Third, we will consider some texts written between 1675 and 1676 in which he developed an exam of the notion of ‘universal space’ which differs from the conception he held in the pre-Parisian period and which is related with the emergence of the notion of extension as an attribute of God. Key words: universal place, body, motion, extension, universal space

An Approach to Leibniz’s Theory of Intentional Action from his Conception of Natural Machines and his Monadology

Roberto Casales García

>PDF (166KB)
Abstract: This paper aims to analyze key postulates of Leibniz’s vitalist ontology, with a special emphasis on his conception of a natural machine and his monadological proposal. It is divided into three sections: first I analyze the complex structure of natural machines, from which a twofold composition of action can be reckoned; hence, the second section identifies three kinds of monads, with the purpose of devising the possibility of rational agency; finally, the third section draws some relevant conclusions for Leibniz’s account of action, as the place of perception in the process of choice and Leibnizian intellectualism, among others. Key words: spontaneity, organism, spirit, consciousness-aperception, perception

The Role of the Happiness of Others in Kant’s Practical Philosophy

Macarena Marey

>PDF (213KB)
Abstract: The aim of this paper is to introduce and try to solve a problem Kant’s opposition to eudemonism could pose to the second duty of virtue. After analysing this problem, I hold that the duty to promote the happiness of others dissolves at least one of the obstacles one faces when striving to achieve one’s own happiness on Earth, which we naturally desire as finite rational beings. Unlike the intellectual notion of happiness implied by the concept of the highest good, the duty to promote the happiness of others places hedonic happiness within the realm of morality. This is, I propose, the fundamental role the second duty of virtue plays in Kant’s ethical system. Key words: eudemonism, finite rationality, natural longing, second duty of virtue, beneficence

The Nietzschean (Counter)-Belief: Perspectivism against Fanaticism from Book V of The Gay Science

Mariano Rodríguez González

>PDF (198KB)
Abstract: Based on The Gay Science’s last book, in this paper I proceed, first, to set the features of the new Nietzschean understanding of belief as an active determining opposed to the claim of truth traditionally understood as correction or adjustment of representation. That is to say, belief understood, in an important even though paradoxical sense, as counterbelief. Second, I aim to characterize although roughly what could be considered as the specifically Nietzschean belief, constitutive of his philosophical production’s core meaning. We should call that “belief” the “Dionysian faith”, in the understanding that fixing and defining it would be strictly speaking rather impossible, since it does not exclude anything, not even its opposites. Key words: truth, identity, philosopher, Dionysus, faith