Diánoia

volume LXIII, number 80, May 2018



Articles

Potentia Dei y su concurso en el mundo natural según Juan Duns Escoto

[Potentia Dei and Its Concursus in the Natural World According to John Duns Scotus]

Enrique Santiago Mayocchi

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Abstract: John Duns Scotus molds his philosophical thought from a Christian perspective, in which an omnipotent divine action creates and preserves creatures. All what the creator produces ad extra is contingent, so whatever is added to physical reality belongs to an ontological and operational level. This paper aims to determine the extent and manner in which, according to the Doctor Subtilis, the potentia Dei operates on the natural world and to resolve a possible inconsistency when Scotus analyzes the ability of the homo viator to achieve certainty in the experiential knowledge. Key words: omnipotence, creation, causality, knowledge, certainty

La noción de cuerpo en los escritos maduros de Leibniz

[Leibniz’s Account of Body in His Mature Writings]

Rodolfo Emilio Fazio

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Abstract: In this paper I examine the concept of body in Leibniz’s mature writings. In the context of the contemporary debate on the status of the corporeal substance, I analyze the relation between the three notions from which he builds his metaphysics of bodies, namely, the primary matter, the organic body, and the extension. For each case I evaluate their ontological status and the role they play in his metaphysics. Key words: Metaphysics, primary matter, secondary matter, organic body, extension

El Faktum de la razón como actividad autoconstitutiva. Sobre la fundamentación de la moralidad kantiana

[The Fact of Reason as Self-Constitutive Activity. On the Foundation of the Kantian Morality]

Gustavo Macedo Rodríguez

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Abstract: In § 7 of the Critique of Practical Reason Kant presents his first definition of the universal law of morality—called the Categorical Imperative. In the same place, he affirms that being conscious of the law of morality is a Faktum of reason. The ambiguity of this statement has prompted some authors to argue that Kant does not deduce the moral law satisfactorily nor does he clarify how we become conscious of it. Nevertheless, they all forget in their analysis a relevant aspect of Kantian moral philosophy that turns out to be of great importance in contemporary studies of the philosophy of action —the self-constituting character of the rational subject and the role it plays within the foundation of morality. I claim that the Faktum of reason must be understood fundamentally as a self-constituting act. Key words: rationality, self-constitution, moral law, practical reason, intuitionism

Quiasmo e imaginación en el “último” Merleau-Ponty

[Chiasm and Imagination in the “Late” Merleau-Ponty]

Germán Osvaldo Prósperi

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Abstract: Abstract: The concept of “chiasm” is central to the philosophy of the “late” Merleau-Ponty.My aim is to retrieve this concept in order to show that, within the framework of the new ontology outlined in Le visible et l’invisible and the notes written during the same period, its function corresponds to the function that imagination has performed throughout the history of philosophy. Thus, an ontology of chiasm necessarily involves reflecting upon an ontology of imagination. Furthermore, the concept of chiasm enables us to shed new light on the problem of subjectivity. Key words: ontology, fold, flesh, subjectivity, perception

La inversión del platonismo en la obra de Gilles Deleuze

[The Reversal of Platonism in Gilles Deleuze’s Work]

Valeria Sonna

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Abstract: I propose to interpret the deleuzian reversal of Platonism as the creation of new concepts from the same elements the French philosopher extracts from Plato’s thought. To justify this I will first examine the nietzschean origins of the reversal as well as Heidegger’s interpretation of it, which I think inspires Deleuze. Then, based on the works of Francis Wolff and Isabelle Ginoux, I will explore the ambiguity of Plato’s role in Deleuze’s philosophy, especially in those elements he recovers and exploits to build a new image of thought. Key words: Nietzsche, Heidegger, Plato, simulacrum, idea

Globalización e historia

[Globalization and History]

Johannes Rohbeck

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Abstract: Contemporary theories of globalisation seldom mention history. This is surprising, because “globalisation” is essentially a term describing an historical process. There is still less mention of the philosophy of history, especially due to the discredit cast upon it. And yet nearly all of the relevant arguments operate with patterns of interpretation borrowed from the philosophy of history. The authors speculate on which general tendencies are inherent to globalisation and whether they are more indicative of the “progress” or of the “downfall” of human civilisation. Finally, the ethical problem of global justice requires us to take into account the course of history thus far. These topics underline that resorting to history with all of its philosophical implications is essential if we are to resolve the problems caused by globalisation. Key words: philosophy of history, global history, historical space, global justice, global obligation to assist