Diánoia

volume LXII, number 79, November 2017



Articles

Fuerza pragmática y carácter institucional del lenguaje: entre la acción comunicativa y el poder simbólico

[Pragmatic Force and Language’s Institutional Character: Between Communicative Action and Symbolic Power]

Javier Alegre

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Abstract: By using as a background Wittgenstein’s and Austin’s reflections about language, the aim of this paper is to compare the way Habermas and Bourdieu rebuild that original pragmatic perspective. I am specifically interested in analyzing how the institutional character of language is retrieved by Habermas’s communicative action theory and Bourdieu’s sociological pragmatic, in order to show and to confront two different and irreducible ways of appropriating the heuristic power of the pragmatic turn started by Wittgenstein and Austin in the middle of the twentieth century. Key words: linguistic pragmatism, Habermas, Bourdieu, rationality, symbolic violence

“Duplicado empírico-trascendental” y “escatología”: una vez más sobre las críticas de Foucault a Merleau-Ponty

[“Empirico-Transcendental Doublet” and “Eschatology”: Once Again on Foucault’s Critiques of Merleau- Ponty]

Claudio Javier Cormick

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Abstract: I will attempt to analyze Foucault’s famous critique of Merleau- Ponty’s phenomenology in terms of an alleged oscillation between “positivism” and “eschatology”. As I will try to prove, attributing to Merleau-Ponty a “positivistic” reduction of epistemology would amount to overlooking his insistence on moving away from the self-interpretations that empirical sciences offer of their own results; that is to say, overlooking his phenomenological objections against the naïve ontological frames of “objective thinking”. As for the charge of “eschatology”, presumably applied to the phenomenologist by virtue of his debts to Marxist thought, I will try to show that —either understood in a strictly epistemological sense or in connection with an alleged Merleau-Pontyan adhesion to a philosophy of history— it proves untenable once we take into consideration the nuanced character of his acceptance of certain aspects of historical materialism. Key words: theory of knowledge, “archaeology”, phenomenology, Marxism

Evento y milagro. El 11 de septiembre: ¿Gianni Vattimo o Joseph de Maistre?

[Event and Miracle. 9/11: Gianni Vattimo or Joseph de Maistre?]

Víctor Samuel Rivera

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Abstract: This contribution revolves around the meaning of the terrorist attack of September 11, 2001 for philosophical hermeneutics, particularly that of Gianni Vattimo. The Torinese has devised in his texts between 2006 and 2014 a new version of hermeneutics based on the experience of this event. This new hermeneutics would be attentive to the conflict and the social transformations and would have at its core the notion of “event”. Vattimo himself, however, does not offer an adequate operational definition of the term. Thus, I propose to incorporate into the hermeneutic tradition concepts like “event” and “miracle”, coined by Joseph de Maistre. It is a proposal of “maistrenization” of hermeneutics in order to make it a plausible and fruitful discourse in a violent and unstable world. Key words: nihilistic hermeneutics, social violence, ontology of the event, maistrian miracle, political hermeneutics

“Ir hacia” desde los otros. La apropiación de la noción de arco intencional en la teoría de Merleau-Ponty

[“Going Towards” from the Others. Merleau- Ponty’s Appropriation of the Notion of Intentional Arc]

Jesica Estefanía Buffone

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Abstract: This paper aims to explore the genesis of the function called “intentional arc” during childhood, considering it as a process of gradual development and analysing the intermediate processes (like the constitution of the self and the emergence of the world of objects) that collaborate in its definition. I also attempt to demonstrate that the concept of intentional arc, though scarcely developed by Merleau-Ponty, has consequences that imbue and support much of his perceptual theory. Clarifying the conceptual framework that sustains it can not only shed light on the genesis of perception in his theory, but also provides valuable tools to account for the beginning of the constitution of the habitual body in childhood. Key words: childhood, perception, body schema, interaction, corporeality

Tiempo serial y experiencia del tiempo. Un debate en clave cartesiana

[Serial Time and Experience of Time. A Debate in a Cartesian Key]

Diana María Acevedo-Zapata,

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Abstract: My aim is to criticize the notion of seriality embedded in the understanding of time within the framework of Cartesian studies. I hold that neither those who defend that time is continuous nor those who think that it is discrete take into account the fact that seriality is rooted in a conception of time conceived as divisible and numerable that does not belong intrinsically to the nature of the experience of time of the cogito. I propose to advance towards a characterization of such experiential and cogitative time. Key words: continuum theory, cogito, space, time as number, duration

Historia, memoria y política en clave foucaultiana

[History,Memory and Politics in a Foucauldian Key]

Cristina López

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Abstract: From its beginnings philosophy has favored the universal approach to its objects of study. History, memory and politics have been no exception; on the contrary, it appears that only a universal scope approach can provide us with an accurate and objective knowledge on these topics. Thus, it seems absurd to give up this encompassing and totalizing view to embrace a partial perspective. Against this widely accepted trend, I turn to Michel Foucault’s proposals both to examine the difficulties involved in viewing these issues in universal terms and to uncover the theoretical and political benefits that arise from adopting a biased perspective. Key words: Archaeology, genealogy, discontinuity, universal, particular

Racionalismo y retórica en Filodemo de Gadara

[Rationalism and Rhetoric in Philodemus of Gadara]

Rodrigo Braicovich

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Abstract: I aim to examine certain specific aspects of the work of Philodemus of Gadara from the point of view of the rhetorical dimension of philosophical speech in order to show that Philodemus’ use of certain rhetorical devices i) does not necessarily entail a break with Epicurean norms on the correct usage of rhetoric, ii) cannot be read as an abandonment of the Epicurean rationalist project, but iii) may be interpreted as an expression of a rich and complex conception of human reason, a conception that incorporates the descriptive capacities of human language as essential tools for the transmission of relevant information in decision procedures. Key words: Epicureanism, description, visualization, cognitivism, understanding

De la aporía del tiempo y el alma a la temporalidad del Dasein

[From the Aporia of the Time and the Soul to the Temporality of Dasein]

Martín Simesen de Bielke

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Abstract: The subject of the present paper is Heidegger’s reception and radicalization of Aristotle’s aporia of time and soul in the texts of the period known as the phenomenological decade. The question (at the end of Physica D 14) about whether there would be time without the existence of soul leads to a difficult aporia which remains unanswered in the corpus aristotelicum. Nevertheless, Heidegger believes that this aporetical approach shows that Aristotle already sensed (though he did not see with absolute clarity) that Dasein itself is to be considered fundamentally as time. Since time is the basic determination of human existence, Dasein would be impossible without time. In other words, there would not be a Dasein without time. Key words: Heidegger, Aristotle, phenomenology, Physics, movement