Diánoia

volume LXI, number 76, May 2016



Articles

Latencia. La elaboración de la vivencia originaria

[Latency. The Elaboration of the Originary Experience]

José Luis Villacañas Berlanga

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Abstract: This paper discusses the origin and foundation of the concept of latency in relation to Husserl’s work on the original constitution of temporality. It attempts to show that far from being a concept of ontology, the concept of latency is primarily a concept of intelligent temporary systems. As such, it unfolds the realm of the transcendental and prepares for a deeper understanding of the notion of life as one of those temporary systems. Latency is how life organizes its temporality, the way in which the past is selectively activated against the finiteness of a present. Latency is a transcendental condition of sense. The consequence of this is the impossibility of understanding life as a fully productive reality, as proposed by the ontology of Deleuze. Key words: temporality, life, intelligence, transcendental sense

Invisibilidad e incomunicabilidad. Apuntes sobre el estatuto ontológico de la exclusión

[Invisibility and the Inability to Communicate. Notes on the Ontological Status of Exclusion]

Gianfranco Casuso

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Abstract: One of the most comprehensive attempts to approach the inclusion/ exclusion complex comes from Luhmann’s Systems Theory. In this theory, one can recognize at least two ways of understanding the problem. After analyzing the key points of the dualistic conception which is the basis of the systemic-functional model, this article will defend the thesis that Luhmann has to change his perspective to address more effectively the problem of exclusion. For this purpose, I will critically reconstruct two of the central writings of Luhmann’s later work to show how the second approach reveals the ontological constitutive dimension of social differentiation processes in order to overcome the contradictions of functional dualism. This dimension alone allows for exploring possible mechanisms that make explicit the hidden side of inclusion and reveals the role of the experience of exclusion as a privileged perspective, and immanent challenge, to the factual orders. Key words: inclusion, deliberative democracy, social ontology, social critique

La historia de la filosofía como tarea filosófica. Consideraciones a partir de Heidegger

[The History of Philosophy as a Philosophical Task. Reflections from Heidegger]

Iñigo Galzacorta

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Abstract: By discussing some of the most prevalent views about what reading texts from the history of philosophy means, this paper explores the aim and fundamental strategies that guide Heidegger in this task. Through this discussion I would like to defend that some of the premises underlying those hegemonic conceptions hinder an appropriate understanding of Heidegger’s interest in the history of philosophy and, therefore, that a direct discussion of Heidegger and those conceptions can help to precise the singularity and significance of the German philosopher’s task. Key words: hermeneutics, historiography of philosophy, ontology of actuality, history of being

Horizonte y temple de ánimo en la fenomenología de Edmund Husserl

[Horizon and Mood in Edmund Husserl’s Phenomenology]

Ignacio Quepons

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Abstract: The paper suggests a possible systematization of the notion of mood or Stimmung according to Edmund Husserl’s phenomenological investigations. The aim of such systematization is to explain the constitution of mood as experience of sense, through the different concepts of horizon that appear along the writings of Husserl. In order to sustain the main thesis, the paper presents a synthesis of Husserl’s doctrine of horizon intentionality, followed by the analysis of the essential features of the lived-experience of mood, and afterwards, a possible description of the different layers of the horizons implied in the constitution of the world surround, coherent with the livedexperience of mood. Key words: emotions, intentionality, sense, life-world, experience

José Revueltas: Conocimiento estético y militancia comunista

[José Revueltas: Aesthetic Knowledge and Communist Militancy]

Josué Federico Pérez Domínguez

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Abstract: This paper elaborates on the main difficulties of José Revueltas’ aesthetic theory. Following the path of his communist militancy, it shows how Revueltas’ aesthetic theories responded both to the national and international political struggle of the communist movement, and to the role that Revueltas thought should be played by writers, and artists in general, in that conflict. Concepts such as “aesthetic content of reality” and “intrinsic tendency of the novel” are developed and Revueltas’ aesthetic and political criticisms of dogmatism and socialist realism are highlighted. Key words: aesthetics, politics, socialist realism, alienation, Marxism