Diánoia

volume LX, number 75, November 2015



Articles

El valor de las relaciones de cuidado

[The Value of Caring Relationships]

Moisés Vaca

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Abstract: This paper focuses on the value of caring relationships and the public policy that should be adopted regarding them. I defend that, as Elizabeth Brake has argued, considering that such relationships are one of the social bases of self-respect, the same legal protective framework that it is now accessible to bi-amorous relationships under marriage law should be available to other caring relationships between adults —such as long-term friendships, long-term cohabitations and poli-amorous relationships. However, unlike Brake, I hold that we should avoid referring legally by the term ‘marriage’ to any caring relationship. In short, my proposal is to extend the rights associated to marriage to other caring relationships between adults and to eliminate such term from legislation all together. Key words: feminism, political liberalism, marriage, self-respect, LGBTTTI rights

La inducción como método de conocimiento de los principios éticos en la Ética nicomáquea de Aristóteles

[Induction as a Knowledge Method of Ethical Principles in Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics]

Elizabeth Mares Manrique

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Abstract: In this paper I reassess the role that induction (ἐπαγωγή) plays in obtaining the ethical principles. In my view, Aristotle holds in Ne A4 1095a30–1095b8 —a passage which has not been duly attended— that inductions consist in intellectual and cognitive processes by means of which we obtain the first ethical generalizations, i.e. the universal practical principles (διότι or the ‘why’), which in turn are obtained from the generalization of the particular data of practical experience, i.e. from the particular practical principles (ὅτι or the ‘that’). What we obtain by means of induction is of great relevance for the ethical science, since it is the starting point for the search of the ethical definitions. If induction is to be conceived this way, then, I conclude, habituation must be considered as an induction only by analogy. Key words: ἐπαγωγή, ethical principles, habituation, ancient ethics, ethical epistemology, science

Las hijas del Sol en el proemio de Parménides

[The Daughters of the Sun in Parmenides’ Proem]

Bernardo Berruecos Frank

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Abstract: This paper will outline several guiding principles concerning a comprehensive interpretation of Parmenides’ proem through the analysis of one of its essential elements: the daughters of the Sun. After examining the actions they perform throughout the narrative and in order to defend an allegorical interpretation of them, some features of the archaic allegorical activity will be defined by the analysis of some examples. Finally, we will trace the foundations for a critical reappraisal of Sextus Empiricus’ interpretation and we will argue that Plato’s allegory of the “winged chariot” as a symbol of the ψυχή in the Phaedrus could well be closely recreating and evoking the Parmenidean myth of the proem. The hermeneutic disjunction ( νάβασις- κατάβασις) may be motivated by the intrinsic ambiguity of the narration, an ambiguity intended to show the real unity of apparent opposites by using the symbol of the daughters of the Sun. Key words: Parmenides, proem, allegory, enigma, insight, invisibility, unity of opposites

El Aporte de Jakob von Uexküll a Los conceptos fundamentales de la metafísica. Mundo, finitud, soledad (1929–1930) de Martin Heidegger

[The Contribution of Jakob von Uexküll to The Fundamental Concepts of Metaphysics. World, Finitude, Solitude (1929–1930) of Martin Heidegger]

Enrique V. Muñoz Pérez

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Abstract: In this paper I argue that the scientific approaches of Jakob von Uexküll crucially support Martin Heidegger’s metaphysical reflections about the world, beyond what Heidegger himself explicitly recognized. In particular, Jakob von Uexküll’s studies emphasized, better than mechanicism and vitalism, the relationship between the environment and the inner world of the animal, which is crucial for Heidegger to claim in his winter 1929–1930 lessons that the essence of the animal is “disturbance” (Benomenheit). Key words: animal, environment, organism, biology

Dos conceptos de libertad y dos conceptos de responsabilidad en Spinoza

[Two Concepts of Freedom and Two Concepts of Responsibility in Spinoza]

Luis Ramos-Alarcón

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Abstract: Spinoza sustains that the agents’ decisions are necessary because they are causally determined. But then, are humans really moral agents? Is it possible that they are only passengers in a train of causes, whose course they cannot control and exempts them from the consequences of their acts, of reward or punishment? Is accepting whatever happens and quitting the aspiration of changing things the hallmark of the free man? This paper answers these questions by distinguishing two concepts of freedom, real freedom and free will, as well as two concepts of responsibility. Civil responsibility is grounded in free will, whereas moral responsibility is not grounded in true freedom, but in human power (potestas). Key words: necessity, determination, decision, possibility, Ethics