Diánoia

volume LX, number 74, May 2015



Articles

Propuesta de un consenso económico superpuesto en el debate sobre la justicia distributiva internacional

[A Superimposed Economical Consensus in the Distributive Justice Debate]

Federico Ast

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Abstract: The international distributive justice debate has traditionally focused on a normative discussion about the scope of the obligations of the citizens of the rich countries to the global poor. The various positions assume certain empirical economic notions when making judgments about the justice of the international economic order. Depending on the economic theory held as valid, the same normative position may justify diametrically opposed configurations of the international economic institutions. This article seeks to make explicit the empirical notions underlying normative positions, and proposes an overlapping economic consensus to reach a basis for the neutral justification of claims about the justice of the international economic order.
Keywords: Rawls, economy, politics, ethics, cosmopolitanism

Discurso falso y literatura en Platón. Una discusión a partir de R. II 376d–379a

[Plato on False Discourse and Literature. A Discussion from R. II 376d– 379a]

Carolina Delgado

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Abstract: This paper attempts to elucidate the meaning of the controversial Platonic statement in relation to the peculiarity in the literary accounts which, in spite of being false, contain at the same time certain truths (R. II 377a6). Furthermore, there seems to be contradiction in the fact that Plato critiques those writings and still proposes using others equally false. I analyze three possibilities to disambiguate the meaning of pseûdos in these contexts —“false” would point to fiction or to a verbal lie or the character of one of the two levels (factual or normative) which would comprise a literary account; and I support the fact that, for Plato, the undesirable falsity is only the one related to the typological core comprised in those accounts.
Keywords: pseûdos, fiction, noble lie, literature

Significados no intencionales: de la exclusión a la inclusión

[Non Intentional Meanings: From Exclusion to Inclusion]

José María Gil

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Abstract: Gricean pragmatics is one of the mainstreams in philosophy of language and linguistics. It has been instrumental in fully understanding fundamental aspects of intentional communication. However, this theoretical tradition has not been especially concerned with the transmission and recognition of unintentional meanings, for example meanings evoked by Freudian slips, unintended puns, and slips of the tongue. Here I aim at showing that the study of such unintentional meanings is relevant for a general theory of utterance production and utterance comprehension. Neurocognitive linguistics (Lamb 1999, 2004 and 2013) has approached those unintentional meanings and has explained how the linguistic system of speaker or a hearer is organized and how it works, and it also figures as an interesting complement of pragmatics.
Keywords: intention, pragmatics, meaning, neurocognitive linguistics, relational networks

Aserción, expresión y acción. Una lectura de J.L. Austin

[Assertion, Expression, and Action. A Reading of J.L. Austin]

Tomás Andrés Barrero

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Abstract: This paper offers a new interpretation of John Austin’s views both on assertion and on adverbs, as result of which an expressivist thesis concerning the semantics for action sentences is advanced. First, Austin’s analysis of assertion based on various, specific assertive forces and his remarks on adverbs are systematically connected in order to obtain assertive schemata for action sentences. Finally, those schemata are put to work as the expression of inferential commitments implicit in argumentative practices of different sorts (exculpatory, justificatory and illustrative) in the deployment of which both logical contrariety and contradiction are exploited.
Keywords: Assertion and action sentences, justifications, excuses, contrariety, conceptual incompatibility

Nancy, Badiou y Lacan: La composición compleja del concepto

[Nancy, Badiou, and Lacan: The Complex Composition of the Concept]

Roque Farrán

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Abstract: In this article we present first two arguments about the void and the infinity, confronting Badiou both with Nancy and Lacan. We propose then an explanation of how the concept is articulated, both in philosophy and in psychoanalysis, in the light of such complexities and imbricated relationships among the diverse thinking dispostives that they imply.
Keywords: void, infinite, compossibility, psychoanalysis, knot