Diánoia

volume LIX, number 72, May 2014



Articles

Definiciones implícitas y unicidad en el programa neologicista

[Implicit Definitions and Uniqueness in the Neologicist Program]

Lucas Rosenblatt

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Abstract: In this paper I consider a problem affecting the Neologicist Program advocated on many occasions by Bob Hale and Crispin Wright. In particular, I argue that Hale and Wright have not given enough conditions to separate appropriate implicit definitions such as Hume’s Principle from rival implicit definitions like Second-Order Peano Arithmetic. I also suggest that this task can only be performed adequately if one of the proposed conditions is that every implicit definition be univocal.
Keywords: neo-Fregeanism, Frege’s theorem, Peano arithmetic, implicit definitions, uniqueness

La relación filosófica entre Husserl y Avenarius en Problemas Fundamentales de la Fenomenología

[The Philosophical Relation Between Husserl and Avenarius in The Basic Problems of Phenomenology]

Patricio Agustín Perkins

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Abstract: I study the philosophical relationship between Avenarius and Husserl during the years where the later held the lectures The Basic Problems of Phenomenology, taking especially into account the natural concept of the world. First, I expound briefly the basic phenomenological topics of the lectures: the natural concept of the world, the phenomenological reduction and the ego’s unity. Second, I tackle the basic ideas of Avenarius’ Der menschliche Weltbegriff (Human concept of the world). Third, I discuss the coincidence between Avenarius and Husserl, paying special attention to the primordial reduction, and also the objections that Husserl made to Avenarius, making a contrast between Avenarius’ univocal approach to being and Husserl’s phenomenological account.
Keywords: natural concept of the world, phenomenological reduction, primordial reduction, neutral monism

Un estudio sobre la premisa mayor del silogismo cosmológico kantiano

[A Study on the Major Premise of the Kantian Cosmological Syllogism]

Miguel Alejandro Herszenbaun

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Abstract: The relationship between the logical maxim and the synthetic principle of pure reason (A 307–308/B 364–365) plays an important role in the “Transcendental Dialectic”. This is apparent by noting that the formulation of the problems treated in the Dialectic has an explicit reference to the transition from the maxim to the principle (A 308–309/B 365–366). Nevertheless, Kant doesn’t explain how this transition is made. I intend to explain this transition through a detailed study of the major premise of the cosmological syllogism, where it has an important role. I claim that this passage is understandable only by assuming a restricted logical maxim that allows inferring legitimately (for general logic) the unconditioned given from the conditioned given. The transcendental principle will be an extension of this maxim to things in self.
Keywords: transcendental idealism, transcendental logic, general logic, transcendental dialectic, antinomy

Fundamentos filosóficos y perspectivas actuales de un abordaje humeano al problema de las otras mentes

[Philosophical Foundations and Current Perspectives of a Humean Approach to the Problem of Other Minds]

Leandro Guerrero

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Abstract: This paper explores the “other minds problem” from a Humean perspective, with the objective of devising an anti-Cartesian alternative, both theoretical and meta-theoretical. In order to do this, the paper briefly examines some of the most important features of the Humean theory of the self systematically neglected by most interpreters: the prevalence of the passional dimension (intersubjectively rooted) in the gradual formation of the self, and the role of sympathy in that process. We hold the possibility of developing an anti-Cartesian perspective on the basis of an unavoidable meta-theoretical reversal, a genuine practical turn that takes place within the Humean proposal, and which involves a greater emphasis on the primacy of the practicalintersubjective aspect of the self over the theoretical-individualistic one.
Keywords: self, alter ego, sympathy, intersubjectivity, praxis

La especularidad de la carne. Sobre el sentido del “giro ontológico” en Le visible et l´invisible de Merleau-Ponty

[The Specularity of the Flesh. On the Sense of the “Ontological Turn” in Merleau-Ponty’s Le visible et l´invisible ]

Jaime Llorente

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Abstract: The aim of the present study is to clarify the way in which the last developments of Merleau-Ponty’s phenomenology try to approach the problem of the split between conscience and objectivity that had remained unsolved in the French thinker’s first works. In this discussion the notion of “flesh of the world” plays a decisive role since Merleau-Ponty builds around it —in his posthumous and unfinished work Le Visible et l’invisible— a narcissistic theory of perception that can be interpreted at the same time as a specular ontology in which Being, “the flesh of things”, grasps itself through the human perception of the world —which makes it an ontology of reconciliation between the objective and the subjective.
Keywords: flesh of the world, reflection, coextensivity, pre-reflexive Being, specular ontology