Diánoia

volume LVIII, number 71, November 2013



Articles

Orfeo y el neoplatonismo en la Florencia renacentista

[Orpheus and Neoplatonism in Renaissance Florence]

Teresa Rodríguez

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Abstract: In this paper I propose, against general explanations based on doctrinal assumptions (e.g., Allen and Falco), that the kind of Platonism (and its relationship with Orpheus) reviving in the philosophical works of Marsilio Ficino is anchored in the exercise of textual technologies inherited from the late Neoplatonists. To show this, I examine Ficino’s refusal to comment on Symposium (179d) where Orpheus is presented as a counterexample of the lovers’ courage and I compare it to the position of Pico della Mirandola on the same passage. This way, I distinguish Ficino’s Platonism from Pico’s and I emphasize its importance as a transmitter of the Platonic tradition that includes a committed Orphism not only doctrinally but also in a textual manner.
Keywords: Ficino, Pico, Plato, Orphism, program

Kierkegaard y la estrategia del tiempo

[Kierkegaard and the Strategy of Time]

Javier Toscano

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Abstract: This paper aims at locating certain arguments developed by Søren Kierkegaard as eminent discoveries for his day, ideas that had a huge impact on major 20th-century thinkers, such as Martin Heidegger and Walter Benjamin. More than a historical synthesis, this paper focuses on two issues. On the one hand, I analyze the notion of original sin, restructuring its meaning out of a religious context and describing its specific function for the construction of subjectivity. On the other hand, I describe a concept of time that derives from the philosopher’s specific use of language, showing thus how Kierkegaard sought to work out an explicit transition from theory to experience.
Keywords: sin, transmission, transductive connection, instant, eternity

La dialéctica negativa en el joven Marx. Una lectura adorniana de la crítica al hegelianismo

[Negative Dialectics in Early Marx: An Adornian View of the Critics to Hegelianism]

Facundo Nahuel Martín

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Abstract: In this article I intend to analize some of the differences and resemblances between Hegel and Marx’s early work. I will try to prove that, against the Althusserian interpretation, the young Marx does not endorse any form of anthropocentrism or primacy of the subject. This analysis will also be oriented by some of the concepts of Adorno’s Negative Dialectics. Revisiting Marx this way will enable us to critically reconsider the possible relevance of early Marxian thought in the contemporary philosophical context.
Keywords: Materialism, Subject, Object, Speculation, Critique

La polémica de Kelsen-Schmitt: un debate jurídico en torno a la Modernidad

[The Kelsen-Schmitt Controversy: A Legal Debate about Modernity]]

Felipe Curcó Cobos

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Abstract: While the legal debate between Hans Kelsen and Carl Schmitt has been widely discussed and analyzed, it is rarely located within the coordinates of the political dispute between the ancient and modern world. The loss of this central point of reference prevents focusing on the deeply philosophical root wich is in the midst of the controversy between the two authors, namely, a battle between two alternative models of political rationality and morality. One is the ancient (claimed by Schmitt) and the other is the modern (defended by Kelsen). I argue that not placing this debate in such context deprives us from understanding the legal implications arising from the conflict between the normative theoretical assumptions that give rise to Modernity and the teleological horizon which gives rise to the ancient world.
Keywords: decisionism, positivism, modern rationality, ancient rationality, state

La dimensión estética del poder soberano en Giorgio Agamben

[The Aesthetic Dimension of Sovereign Power in Giorgio Agamben’s Thought]

Mercedes Ruvituso

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Abstract: This paper focuses on the concept of image as articulated in Giorgio Agamben’sHomo sacer (1995) —i.e., in its relationship with the concepts of sovereignty and bare life—in order to throw light on the connection between aesthetics and politics in Agamben’s thought.
Keywords: Agamben, image, sovereign, apparatus, homo sacer

¿“Empirismo encubierto” en Popper? El papel epistemológico de la dimensión pragmática del contexto de descubrimiento

[“Hidden empiricism”? The Epistemological Role that the Pragmatic Dimension of the Context of Discovery has in Karl R. Popper’s Philosophy”]

Edgar Serna Ramírez

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Abstract: The main thesis I assert here is that for Popper validity of knowledge was always linked to (and even supported by) the pragmatic dimension of the context of discovery. I hold it’s wrong to claim that for this author 1) validity of knowledge was linked to a “hidden empiricism” (opposed to the theory-laden character of observation), such as Ana Rosa Pérez Ransanz had propounded, and 2) pragmatic issues were epistemologically irrelevant in his philosophy, such as Ambrosio Velasco has argued. To justify my thesis I examine three arguments exposed in The Logic of Scientific Discovery, emphasizing especially Popper’s argument about the dispositional character of the concepts in which descriptive statements are formulated.
Keywords: Objectivity, falibilism, knowledge, argumentation, foundationalism.