volume LVII, number 69, November 2012
Existenciales negativos como denegaciones
[Negative Existentials as Metalinguistic
Eduardo García Ramírez >PDF (133KB)
Abstract: There are uses of empty names where the speaker cannot justifiably
be said to be committed to there being a referent for her use of the relevant
name. These appear within negative existential constructions of the
form ‘X doesn’t exist’ where ‘X’ is an empty name. Yet, speakers manage to
convey non-trivial and sometimes even truthful information with such uses.
According to the metalinguistic tradition initiated by R. Stalnaker (1978)
assertions of ‘X doesn’t exist’ convey the information that “ ‘X’ doesn’t refer”.
In this paper I develop a hypothetical account that purports to advance this
tradition. On this view, these speech acts are understood as metalinguistic denials.
I defend this hypothesis by comparing it against a recent metalinguistic
proposal owed to L. Clapp (2008).
Keywords: presuppositions, metalinguistic uses, positive existentials, negative
Hölderlin y lo no-dicho: sobre la cuestión
del silencio en la interpretación de Martin
Heidegger de su poesía
[Hölderlin and the Unsaid: On the Question
of Silence in Martin Heidegger’s Interpretation of His
Paloma Martínez Matías >PDF (284KB)
Abstract: Following a previous research, the purpose of this paper is to highlight
the importance of silence in the Heideggerian interpretation of Hölderlin’s
poetry, and to analyze the ontological nature that this topic acquires in it.
In order to do so, it explores how intimately Heidegger connects the idea of
silence and Hölderlin’s poetical saying, to which he attributes the problematic
endeavour of saying the Being whilst safeguarding its unsayable nature. To
fully fathom this effort, special attention should be paid to the poet’s discovery
of the simultaneous alterity and dependence of modernity with regard
to Greece, and to the study of the way in which this matter determines his
poetry, as well as the poetical resources which, according to Heidegger, he
uses in order to make the Being appear in his saying as the unsaid.
Keywords: language, the unsayable, ontology, Greece, metaphysics
Claridad es perfección: religión
y filosofía en el último Wittgenstein
[Clarity Is Perfection:
Religion and Philosophy in the Last Wittgenstein]
Mariano Rodríguez González >PDF (192KB)
Abstract: This paper explores some of the issues related to Wittgenstein’s
famous comment to Drury —that he himself, while not a religious person,
could not avoid contemplating all questions from a religious perspective—
that might contribute to an understanding of the final meaning of the philosophical
practice distinctive of Wittgenstein’s last period. This paper aims at
showing that final meaning is the immunization of the religious form of the life .
In order to reach this conclusion we will first recall the importance of clarity
as an absolute goal of Wittgenstein’s philosophy, and see how it is connected
to a specific attitude toward the explanatory claims of conventional philosophy.
Then we will summarize the essence of Wittgenstein’s philosophical
analysis of religious discourse and review some crucial texts that highlight
the peculiar religiosity unique to Wittgenstein.
Keywords: religious belief, language-game, Weltbild, Christianity, life
¿Es Leoncio un incontinente?
Ira y apetito en la República de Platón
[Is Leontius an Incontinent Man? Spirit
and Appetite in
Esteban Bieda >PDF (185KB)
Abstract: Forced by his appetitive desire to look at some corpses, Leontius can
not resist and, furiously, yields to the temptation and looks at them (Republic
439e–440a). The episode tries to show that the spirited and the appetitive are
two different parts of the soul. If there is no intervention of rationality, the
question is: according to which parameter the thymós considers that looking
at the corpses is something that must not be done? If, like some scholars believe,
thymós is guided by values given by the logistikón, then Leontius would
be an incontinent agent. In this paper we shall try to show that, according
to several passages of books VIII and IX of the Republic , Leontius is not an
incontinent agent since the spirited part of his soul challenges the appetitive
part not because of rational principles but because the values it defends on
Keywords: weakness of will, spirit, appetite, rationality, Plato’s psychology