Diánoia

volume LVII, number 69, November 2012



Articles

Existenciales negativos como denegaciones metalingüísticas

[Negative Existentials as Metalinguistic Denials]

Eduardo García Ramírez

>PDF (133KB)
Abstract: There are uses of empty names where the speaker cannot justifiably be said to be committed to there being a referent for her use of the relevant name. These appear within negative existential constructions of the form ‘X doesn’t exist’ where ‘X’ is an empty name. Yet, speakers manage to convey non-trivial and sometimes even truthful information with such uses. According to the metalinguistic tradition initiated by R. Stalnaker (1978) assertions of ‘X doesn’t exist’ convey the information that “ ‘X’ doesn’t refer”. In this paper I develop a hypothetical account that purports to advance this tradition. On this view, these speech acts are understood as metalinguistic denials. I defend this hypothesis by comparing it against a recent metalinguistic proposal owed to L. Clapp (2008).
Keywords: presuppositions, metalinguistic uses, positive existentials, negative existentials

Hölderlin y lo no-dicho: sobre la cuestión del silencio en la interpretación de Martin Heidegger de su poesía

[Hölderlin and the Unsaid: On the Question of Silence in Martin Heidegger’s Interpretation of His Poetry]

Paloma Martínez Matías

>PDF (284KB)
Abstract: Following a previous research, the purpose of this paper is to highlight the importance of silence in the Heideggerian interpretation of Hölderlin’s poetry, and to analyze the ontological nature that this topic acquires in it. In order to do so, it explores how intimately Heidegger connects the idea of silence and Hölderlin’s poetical saying, to which he attributes the problematic endeavour of saying the Being whilst safeguarding its unsayable nature. To fully fathom this effort, special attention should be paid to the poet’s discovery of the simultaneous alterity and dependence of modernity with regard to Greece, and to the study of the way in which this matter determines his poetry, as well as the poetical resources which, according to Heidegger, he uses in order to make the Being appear in his saying as the unsaid.
Keywords: language, the unsayable, ontology, Greece, metaphysics

El modo carnal del acontecimiento: aportes de la Kehre heideggeriana a la fenomenología del cuerpo de Merleau-Ponty

[Carnal Mode of Success: Heideggerian Kehre Contributions to Merleau-Ponty’s Body Phenomenology]

Jorge Nicolás Lucero

>PDF (213KB)
Abstract: The purpose of this work is to define the proper elements of heideggerian Kehre which have influenced the philosophy of Merleau-Ponty, and to establish the conceptual coordinates to construct a notion of event, latent in the ontology of the French phenomenologist. In order to achieve this, we analyze the French philosopher’s ideas concerning 1) the problem of being and nothingness and its sense; 2) temporality, and 3) Ereignis.We conclude that a way of thinking that goes beyond metaphysics can be outlined from Merleau- Ponty’s ontology of flesh —where it is revealed as a “sensitive Ereignis”—, particularly by taking into account his writings and lectures from 1958 to 1961.
Keywords: ontology, temporality, event, sensitivity

Claridad es perfección: religión y filosofía en el último Wittgenstein

[Clarity Is Perfection: Religion and Philosophy in the Last Wittgenstein]

Mariano Rodríguez González

>PDF (192KB)
Abstract: This paper explores some of the issues related to Wittgenstein’s famous comment to Drury —that he himself, while not a religious person, could not avoid contemplating all questions from a religious perspective— that might contribute to an understanding of the final meaning of the philosophical practice distinctive of Wittgenstein’s last period. This paper aims at showing that final meaning is the immunization of the religious form of the life . In order to reach this conclusion we will first recall the importance of clarity as an absolute goal of Wittgenstein’s philosophy, and see how it is connected to a specific attitude toward the explanatory claims of conventional philosophy. Then we will summarize the essence of Wittgenstein’s philosophical analysis of religious discourse and review some crucial texts that highlight the peculiar religiosity unique to Wittgenstein.
Keywords: religious belief, language-game, Weltbild, Christianity, life

¿Es Leoncio un incontinente? Ira y apetito en la República de Platón

[Is Leontius an Incontinent Man? Spirit and Appetite in
Plato’s Republic
]

Esteban Bieda

>PDF (185KB)
Abstract: Forced by his appetitive desire to look at some corpses, Leontius can not resist and, furiously, yields to the temptation and looks at them (Republic 439e–440a). The episode tries to show that the spirited and the appetitive are two different parts of the soul. If there is no intervention of rationality, the question is: according to which parameter the thymós considers that looking at the corpses is something that must not be done? If, like some scholars believe, thymós is guided by values given by the logistikón, then Leontius would be an incontinent agent. In this paper we shall try to show that, according to several passages of books VIII and IX of the Republic , Leontius is not an incontinent agent since the spirited part of his soul challenges the appetitive part not because of rational principles but because the values it defends on itself.
Keywords: weakness of will, spirit, appetite, rationality, Plato’s psychology