Diánoia

volume LVII, number 68, May 2012



Articles

Contextualismo, fiabilismo y el problema pirrónico

[Contextualism, Reliabilism and the Pyrrhonian Problematic]

Jonatan García Campos and Ricardo Vázquez Gutiérrez

>PDF (172KB)
Abstract:

In this paper, we explore a connection between reliabilism and contextualism. Our purpose is to draw up a contextualist approach to solve the critique that the reliabilist notions of justification and knowledge are not satisfactory because there is no room for the intuitions that a subject who is justified or knows is rational and epistemologically responsible.We will argue that this critique and the Pyrrohnian skepticism share the same assumption, viz., the internalist clause. Thus, if it is possible to limit the scope of this clause using contextualism, making a distinction between two different contexts, then it is also possible to use this distinction to offer an answer to the internalist critique to reliabilism.

Keywords: epistemology, justification, internalism, externalism, skepticism

El arte y su otro, o la estética antiidealista de Adorno

[Art and its Other. On Adorno’s Anti-idealisticAesthetics]

Berta M. Pérez

>PDF (241KB)
Abstract:

Taking Adorno’s vindication of the critical power of art as a starting point and focussing on the question of the autonomy of the aesthetic field, this paper confronts Adorno’s position with those of Kant and Hegel. I explain why Adorno considers that neither Kant—affirming its autonomy—nor Hegel —assuming its heteronomy— succeeded in recognising (the power of) the work of art and the aesthetic experience. I show that Adorno saw that this was due to their common commitment to the modern subject’s claim to full autonomy, and finally argue that Adorno, on the contrary, can do that because he abandons such a pretentious subjectivity.

Keywords: aesthetic autonomy, aesthetic objectivity, modern subject, tragic aesthetics, Hegel, Kant

Freud y Derrida: escritura en el aparato psíquico

[Freud and Derrida: Writing in the Psychic Apparatus]

Rosaura Martínez Ruiz

>PDF (125KB)
Abstract:

This essay is the result of a critical reading exercise, of my reading

of Derrida as a reader of Freud. From Derrida’s analysis in his text “Freud

and the Scene of Writing”, I argue the necessity of radicalizing some consequences

that emerge from the analogy established by Freud between the

psychic apparatus, and a certain writing machine. One of the phenomena

that thinking the psyche as a text points to is that the subject relentlessly

dwells in the tension of a between: between the inherited and what is to come .

This between unveils a sui generis temporality where past, present and future

mingle and fuse.

Keywords: memory trace, breaching, mystic writing-pad, implosion of times

Secularización y mesianismo. El pensamiento político de Jacob Taubes

[Secularization and Messianism. The Political Thought of Jacob Taubes]

Alfonso Galindo Hervás

>PDF (219KB)
Abstract: This article systematizes and analyzes the political thought of Jacob Taubes from the concepts of secularism and messianism, putting it in relation to other thinkers close to its historical context and themes, such as Carl Schmitt and Walter Benjamin. Likewise, links between Taubes’s thinking, the history of political concepts and a certain thought of the messianic community are shown, evaluating their relevance to politics.
Keywords: political theology, community, philosophy of history, conceptual history

Diálogo y conflicto. La crítica de Carl Schmitt al liberalismo

[Dialogue and Conflict. Carl Schmitt’s Critique of Liberalism]

José Luis López de Lizaga

>PDF (198KB)
Abstract: This article analyses Carl Schmitt’s arguments against liberal democracy, and questions the potential of these arguments for contemporary progressive political thought. The article shows the conceptual connection of the schmittian concept of the political with the transformation of the liberal State into a totalitarian State. Subsequently it tries to show that the main premise of Schmitt’s critique of liberalism is false, namely the belief that it is impossible to reach a dialogical and peaceful solution to political conflicts, either by agreement or by compromise. Finally the article includes some reflections on the political significance of contemporary “neo-schmittianism”.
Keywords: democracy, totalitarianism, deliberation, agreements, compromises

La tradición platónica acerca de los principios en Orígenes de Alejandría

[The Platonic Tradition on Principles in Origen of Alexandria]

Francisco Bastitta Harriet

>PDF (229KB)
Abstract: The present paper intends to trace the influence of the Platonic tradition “On first principles”, considering its different versions, on the philosophy of Origen of Alexandria. Origen’s knowledge of the Platonists and his affinity with them are confirmed by the historical sources. The Alexandrian adopts and assimilates many aspects of the doctrine and terminology of Plato’s followers. However, he also departs from them regarding some of the essential elements in his conception of the divine and of the world’s creation. Particularly, the paper focuses on the roles played in Origen’s theory by the Academic categories of absolute and relative, the Middle-platonic and Philonian notion of the demiurgic agent and an original reframing of the Neopythagorean derivative system of causes.
Keywords: Platonism, metaphysics, causality, creation, Late Antiquity