Diánoia

volume LIV, number 62, May 2009



Articles

Estética apofática y hermenéutica del misterio: elementos para una crítica de la visibilidad

[Apophatic Aesthetics and Hermeneutics of Mystery: Some Elements for a Criticism of Visibility]

Amador Vega

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Abstract: Throughout the twentieth century different hermeneutics of negativity helped reflect on the spiritual debts to negative theology, and in particular to the major mystical trends of Medieval Europe. The technical term “Apophatic (or negative) Aesthetics” is proposed to define the work of some twentieth-century artists, who are considered the heirs of these traditions. In this article, a painting by Mark Rothko (1903–1970) is studied. In it some central motifs of the modern religious experience can be traced. The hermeneutics of negativity is to be understood as a preamble to Apophatic Aesthetics, with its ascetic and mystical roots set out from a new historical reality, in which the difference between sacred and profane is no longer significant.
Keywords: abstraction, mysticism, Rothko, nihilism

Confianza epistémica y conflicto epistémico

[Epistemic Trust and Epistemic Conflict]

Linda Zagzebski

>PDF (125KB)
Abstract: In this paper I argue that the natural desire for truth makes epistemic self-trust a rational requirement, and there are grounds for trust in many of my emotional dispositions that parallel the grounds for trust in my epistemic faculties. I then argue that both epistemic self-trust and trust in my emotion of admiration commit me to trusting others. It appears that I am committed to a principle of trust according to which any reason I have for epistemic trust in myself is a reason that applies to many other people and I have no reason to think of myself as epistemically privileged. How then should I handle conflict between my own beliefs and the beliefs of persons I trust? I argue that since the conflict is generated from trust in the principle of trust, it is rational to resolve conflict in favor of what I trust the most upon reflection.
Keywords: self-trust, trust in emotions, trust in others, rational commitment

La noción de “justificación”, ¿un concepto dual?

[The Notion of “Justification”. A Dual Concept?]

Ángeles Eraña

>PDF (167KB)
Abstract: Epistemic “internalism” and “externalism” have been two dominant positions within justification theories. Intuitions underlying these positions are held to be contradictory and, thereby, it is not possible to make them converge into a unified theory. I will show that this is not only possible, but necessary. In order to do this, I will appeal to the Dual System Theory, and I will argue that if, (1) as this theory asserts, our reasoning abilities are structured into two different systems, then (2) we have good reasons to assert that the normative status that the notion of “justification” provides to our beliefs is dual, i.e., it offers evaluation criteria that should be differentially used for different kinds of beliefs, which are the result of each of our reasoning systems.
Keywords: internalism/externalism, reasoning, rationality, epistemic normativity

Lógica y mística. Progreso espiritual y progreso filosófico

[Logic and Mysticism. Advancing in Spirituality and Philosophy]

Walter Redmond

>PDF (134KB)
Abstract: It seems odd to link mysticism and logic. Mystics themselves stress that after coming to a certain maturity they experience God as a “dark ray” above reason. Also, philosophers may come to see God as beyond beings or being, as in Bonhoeffer’s caution that an “existing” god does not exist, or in the current discussion of “God without being”. Can classical logic cast light on such philosophical or religious progress? To suggest an answer, “changes of mind” are examined against the background of the mystical dialectic of Dionysius the Areopagite and St. John of the Cross’ teaching that with the onset of contemplation the knowledge of God becomes confused and dark.
Keywords: logic, mysticism, onto-theo-logical, God without being, Dionysius the Areopagite, John of the Cross

El final del relato. Arte, historia y narración en la filosofía de Arthur C. Danto

[The End of the Story. Art, History and Narration in Arthur C. Danto’s Philosophy]

Verónica Parselis

>PDF (190KB)
Abstract: The article focus on the way in wich Arthur C. Danto transformed his first consideration of art into a historical account. The history of art has ended, Danto claims, and we live in a posthistorical era. Since in his first book on historiography Danto is unsympathetic to Hegel’s philosophy, his new adaptation of the Hegelian framework is unexpected. In this process, he opened up a discussion of the original Hegel’s claim that the history of art has ended. These considerations seem to open a new road for the interpretation of the art of today.
Keywords: end of art, narratives, G.W.F. Hegel, contemporary art