Diánoia

volume LIII, number 61, November 2008



Articles

¿La escuela de Alejandro de Afrodisia?

[The School of Alexander?]

R.W. Sharples

>PDF (319KB)
Abstract: Even though the works of Alexander of Aphrodisias exerted a considerable influence in later Ancient Philosophy and have occupied a prominent place in the history of the Peripatetic school and of ancient Aristotelianism in general, little is know about his teachers and pupils and about his interaction with contemporary philosophers. In this paper, R.W. Sharples offers a reconstruction of Alexander’s immediate context and, especially, a critical discussion of how strong the evidence is for concluding that some features of his works —such as inner doctrinal discrepancies— reflect different philosophical positions within his own school.
Keywords: Alexander of Aphrodisias, Aristotle, Peripatetic philosophy, Aristotelianism

El hábito conceptual y la distinción entre los universales lógicos y reales según Tomás de Aquino

[The Conceptual Habit and the Distinction between Logical and Real Universals According to Thomas Aquinas]

Juan Fernando Sellés

>PDF (190KB)
Abstract: This paper defends that the act of the concept depends on the conceptual habit. The act of the concept knows two real causes of physical reality: material and formal. One of them, the formal cause, is the real universal (unum) which is present in a plurality of material subjects (in multis). The real universal is different from the logical universal. The habit does not know of causes, but the acts of the concept. So, it permits to distinguish between the act of knowledge that knows the real universal and the act that knows the logical universal.
Keywords: act of the concept, conceptual habit, logical universals, real universals

Conceptos trascendentales, reflexión y juicio. Sobre el § 12 de la Kritik der reinen Vernunft.

[Transcendental Concepts, Reflection and Judgment. On § 12 of Kritik der reinen Vernunft]

Alejandro G. Vigo

>PDF (274KB)
Abstract: This paper gives a reconstruction of the view Kant develops in the § 12 of his Kritik der reinen Vernunft trying to incorporate in his own conception the thematic core of the traditional metaphysical doctrine of the transcendental attributes of being. The systematic motivation and scope of Kant’s view in § 12 is better understood in connection with his explanation of the role of reflexive process underlying objective judgements in the “Amphiboly of Concepts of Reflexion”, as discussed in an earlier paper by the author. The interpretation offered here stresses the fact that the logical criteria Kant discusses in § 12 fulfill regulative functions guiding reflexive processes, especially in the case of the original formation of empirical concepts.
Keywords: transcendental concepts, empirical concepts, judgement, reflexion

Hablar en silencio, decir lo indecible. Una aproximación a la cuestión de los límites del lenguaje en la obra temprana de Martin Heidegger

[Speaking in Silence, Saying the Unsayable. An Approach to the Question of the Limits of Language in Martin Heidegger’s Early Work]

Paloma Martínez Matías

>PDF (252KB)
Abstract: Remarking on the importance of silence in Martin Heidegger’s reflection on the question of being, this article proposes a possible interpretation of this motive in the unfolding of the existential analytic of Being and Time. Starting with a brief study of the comprehension of language expressed in this work, this essay considers the intimate bond between the becoming silent of being-there (Dasein) and the so called “propriety” (Eigentlichkeit) of its existence, which shows itself within the analysis of anxiety and the silent voice of conscience. The hermeneutical hypothesis raised will be related finally to the problem of formal indication and Heidegger’s interpretation of poetical saying, mainly focused on Hölderlin’s poetry, which began in the mid nineteen-thirties.
Keywords: language, silence, formal indication, poetry

La religiosidad de Wittgenstein

[Wittgenstein’s Religious Character]

Isabel Cabrera

>PDF (146KB)
Abstract: This paper is divided into two parts. The first briefly gathers Wittgenstein analysis of religious language to retake his idea that the meaning of religious terms has to be searched in practices and emotions. The second part applies this idea to Wittgenstein’s own writings about religion, to bring to light the images, emotions and practices that constituted the vital eco of his religious thinking.
Keywords: Wittgenstein, religious, William James, Tolstoi, Kierkegaard, religious language

Autoconocimiento: una idea tensa

[Self-Knowledge: A Tense Idea]

Efraín Lazos

>PDF (136KB)
Abstract: This essay explores self-knowledge and some related ideas (selfconsciousness, self-attribution, personal authority). Its main conjecture is that self-knowledge is a tense idea, in so far as it contains two competing demands, namely detachment and involvement. The former asks that we see ourselves impartially, or at least like any other person might see us. The latter requires that we see ourselves like no one else could. Having in view models and authors from the modern and contemporary philosophical traditions, the essay shows various ways in which, when one demand is favored over the other, some aspect of human subjectivity is distorted. In the final parts of the essay, and following an idea of R. Moran (2001), the author suggests that it is possible to do justice to both demands if we adopt a deliberative perspective on the authority that persons have over their own inner lives.
Keywords: self-consciousness, self-attribution, transparency, authority