volume LI, number 56, May 2006


Naturalismo y quietismo

[Naturalism and Quietism]

Richard Rorty

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Abstract: Brian Leiter divides the English-speaking philosophical world into quietists and naturalists. The former consider philosophy as a kind of therapy, dissolving philosophical problems rather than solving them. The latter can be divided, according to Huw Price, into object naturalists, who think that all there is is the world studied by science, and subject naturalists, who think that we humans are natural creatures and that philosophy has to adjust itself to this viewpoint. This paper argues for a quietist position about some problems in the so-called “core areas of philosophy”, as well as for a subject naturalism. From this dual perspective two current philosophical debates are examined: that between McDowell and Williamson regarding what it is possible to think of; and that between Fodor and Brandom, i.e., between a representationalist and an inferentialist semantics.
Keywords: pragmatism, representationalism, inferentialism

El giro lingüístico hoy (o dónde fueron a parar los significados)

[The Linguistic Turn Today (or, Where Have All the Meanings Gone?)]

Cristina Lafont

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Abstract: In this article I analyze some milestones of the twentieth century philosophy of language such as the development of semantic externalism in the seventies and the revival of contextualism in recent decades. I seek to expose the internal logic of this evolution as a result of the difficulties for defending a Fregean notion of identity of “thought” or of propositional content. Seen from this perspective, the latest stages in the linguistic turn seem to indicate that the ultimate consequence of Frege’s “extrusion of thoughts fromthe mind” can only be their elimination.
Keywords: contextualism, identity of propositional content, literalism, semantic externalism

Neutralidad estatal, perfeccionismo indirecto y falibilismo moral

[State Neutrality, Indirect Perfectionism and Moral Fallibilism]

Mariano Garreta Leclercq

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Abstract: My aim in this paper is to analyze two consequentialist arguments in support of the liberal conception of state neutrality. Both arguments, proposed by Eduardo Rivera López and Will Kymlicka, combine a moral conception of rational interests of persons with an epistemological thesis: moral fallibilism. I shall argue that such arguments are unsuccessful as objections against perfectionist policies. My main thesis is that they involve a conceptual inconsistency. The fallibilist thesis is irrelevant in practice, because it affects any set of beliefs upon which we can base our decisions and actions, and thus, can support objections against all policies of the state, whether perfectionist or not. Unfortunately, the only way to avoid this conclusion involves a commitment with a skeptic position that undermines the argument’s inner consistency.
Keywords: consequentialism, reasons to act, skepticism, burdens of judgment

El principio de laicidad: el caso del velo islámico

[The Scarf Affair in France: The Principle of Laïcité]

Corina Yturbe

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Abstract: Recent debates on the concept of laicism (laïcité) seem to challenge the principles on which that concept is based. The article analyses those principles, in order to clarify what is at stake when we talk about laïcité. The point of reference is the debate that recently emerged in France over the use of the Islamic foulard in public schools and, in particular, the report produced by the “Stasi Comission”, a group of politicians, philosophers and social scientists, under the leadership of minister Bernard Stasi. That report offers a French view of the problems laïcité faces in contemporary societies.
Keywords: laic state, religious tolerance, neutrality, equality