volume XLVIII, number 51, November 2003


¿Qué tan matemática es la lógica matemática?

[What is so Mathematical about Mathematical Logic?]

Axel A. Barceló Aspeitia

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Abstract: Mathematical logic is mathematical only in so far as it makes use of mathematical tools. In this sense, mathematical logic is mathematical to the same extent that, say; Newtonian mechanics. Despite using mathematical tools, neither science has become a branch of mathematics properly. They both aim at explaining and describing an external realm of reality. In the case of logic, its mathematical tools -both its symbolism and its calculus- are formal, because they allow for formal calculation. These tools were developed in early modern times with the purpose of giving an algebraic treatment to geometry. Nevertheless, they soon became the main tools for all mathematics and mathematical science.
Keywords: formal, formal logic, symbolic logic, analysis

Análisis filosófico: Strawson entre Wittgenstein y Quine

[Philosophical Analysis: Strawson between Wittgenstein and Quine]

Liza Skidelsky

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Abstract: In Analysis and Metaphysics: An Introduction to Philosophy, Strawson offers reasons why certain features of the therapeutic analysis and the Quinean conception threaten the task of the connective analysis. The reasons against the first are that it possesses a "negative spirit" and it is "asystematic" while the reason against the second is its "ontologic reductionism". I will try to show that those features are not dangerous once Wittgenstein's and Quine's conceptions are understood in a weaker sense than Strawson understands them. On the one hand, I will try to show that the negative spirit is a question of attitude that does not have a significant influence on the outcome of the analysis which is the same as that of the connective analysis; and that the therapeutic analysis is compatible with systematicity. On the other hand, I will try to show that because the continuity thesis of Quinean naturalism does not set aside common sense, it is not a threat to the connective analysis.
Keywords: connective analysis, therapeutic analysis, naturalism, ontological reductionism

Neoliberalismo, globalización y filosofía social

[Neoliberalism, Globalization and Social Philosophy]

Adolfo García de la Sienra

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Abstract: This paper shows first that the Utopia, which is nothing but an imaginary representation of a society in which the secular humanist ideal of a free and autonomous personality would have been accomplished, is unfeasible and unnecessary as a directional criterion for the criticism of the globalization process. It introduces in the second part a philosophical conception that acknowledges the nomic character of the world (its subjection to natural laws and norms ofdifferent types), in order to show that the world-integration process is driven by such character, albeit distorted by a relative disobedience to it. lt concludes with an appraisal of such process, but also with the claim that a redirection of the process through a more balanced and fair path demands the enforcement of certain laws of historical development.
Keywords: secular humanism, protestant ethics, suprarbitrary norms, globalization, nomic order

Un modelo multiculturalista más allá de la tolerancia

[Beyond Tolerance: A Model for a Just Multicultural Society]

León Olivé

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Abstract: The main thesis of this paper is that in multicultural societies where there are social, economic and material inequalities between peoples or between cultures, if the State is committed to a just society, then it has the obligation of establishing compensatory policies and differential assignment of resources on behalf of those peoples or cultures in disadvantage. The same applies to international organizations. This is justified as a matter of social justice. The relevant concept of social justice is thus discussed, based on the idea of satisfaction of all the basic needs of all members of that society.
Keywords: multiculturalism, social justice, duties of State, basic needs

La religión entre la crítica racionalista y las corrientes posmodernistas

[Religion between Rationalistic Critique and Posmodernist Currents ]

H.C.F. Mansilla

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Abstract: Rationalistic critique of religious phenomena was born in classical Antiquity and afterwards in the Age of Enlightenment. It was continued till to present postmodernism. To this purpose the contributions of Ludwig Feuerbach, Karl Marx, Sigmund Freud, and Friedrich Nietzsche proved to be decisive. These analyses of religion, based on systematic disillusionment, are concisely reconstructed and criticized. The essay argues the necessity of an intellectual religiousness, but rejects prime protestantism (Martin Luther) and its sociopolitical consequences. The essay argues the lasting necessity of a first principle which bestows sense to all other phenomena and helps to avoid total relativism.
Keywords: questioning of religious phenomena, disillusionment theories, Martin Luther, social disciplining