volume XLVIII, number 50, May 2003
La filosofía del lenguaje: su naturaleza y su contexto
[Philosophy of Language: Its Nature and Background]
Francisco Rodríguez-Consuegra >PDF (154KB)
Abstract: This is an attempt to determine the nature of philosophy of language, through
its relationships with other subjects, both from the historic and the systematic
viewpoints. The ways in which philosophy of language has been related to
linguistics, logic, psychology and philosophy itself are examined; at the same
time, some proposals for clarification of those relationships are made, and
some rather obscure notions like "philosophical logic" and "linguistic philosophy"
are criticized. The paper ends by supporting the fundamental role of
philosophy of language within analytic philosophy.
Keywords: philosophy of language, logic, linguistics, psychology
Significado y comunicación
[Meaning and Communication]
José E. Chaves Ruiz >PDF (105KB)
Abstract: Grice revealed the close relationship between meaning and communication.
Nevertheless, in the subsequent literature that deal with both notions we find
that this relationship is traced inaccurately. The present paper analyzes one of
the best attempts to overcome this misapprehension: Sperber and Wilson's relevance
theory. Though revealing, this attempt does not provide us with an adequate
solution as it does not get rid of the misapprehension. This leads these
authors to assume a proposal on meaning that entails a setback with regards
to the Gricean proposal because it is built up on unjustified criticisms of the
definition of speaker's meaning as its starting point. These criticisms disappear
when we clarify the relation between the notions as they are established by
Grice. Likewise, it shall be defended that, if we understand communication as a rational process, it would be desirable to get support from the best available
tools, that is, to make use of the theoretical framework provided by the theory
of rational decision.
Keywords: speaker's meaning, rational decision, speaker's intention, inferential
Alcances y límites de perspectivas psicoanalíticas en historia
[Psychoanalytical Perspectives in History: Scope and
María Inés Mudrovcic >PDF (108KB)
Abstract: Some recent works in history have used the concept of trauma to illustrate the
undecidability of the nature of our historical experience of collective catastrophes
and our representations of them. Unfortunately, the use of the psychoanalytical
and neurological versions of the concept of trauma misrepresents
the social dynamics of collective memory since it was formulated as a category
concerning individual people's memories. In this paper, I will only focus on
one of the problems involved: the ontological problem. I will argue that the
temporality of trauma is incompatible with the temporality of history.
Keywords: trauma, historiography, temporality, collective memory
Una consolación ante la muerte por medio de una teoría pascaliana de las desdichas del hombre perdurable
[A Consolation for Death by Means of a Pascalian Theory of the Everlasting Man's Sorrows]
Marcio Recial >PDF (102KB)
Abstract: A consolation for death is offered that may be attractive to people of a perhaps
unusual character, linked to the unconditional desire to live forever. It
is assumed that death is bad for one if it deprives one of something good. It
is also assumed that death is infinitely bad for someone of such a character
if it deprives him/her of an everlasting physical life. Moreover, it is argued
that death appears to deprive us of precisely this, for it appears that in the
future it will be technologically possible to prolong physical life indefinitely.
The consolation is that a physical life prolonged by technological means would
be unhappy for people of the mentioned character: they would permanently worry about losing something infinitely good -everlasting physical life. An argument
similar to that of Pascal's wager even shows that all courses of action
would have for these people an infinite expected badness.
Keywords: immortality, Pascal's wager