Diánoia

volume XLVII, number 49, November 2002



Articles

Tiempos, objetos y sucesos en la metafísica estoica

[Times, Objects and Events in Stoic Metaphysics]

Ricardo Salles

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Abstract: The paper tackles the early Stoic views on the individuation of times and argues that they allow for time without change. Different times may, in principle, be characterized by the same objects and events and, therefore, a differentiation in times does not necessarily require a differentiation in the objects and events that characterize them. The paper rebuts an important objection raised by Jonathan Barnes against the coherence of the early Stoic doctrine of everlasting recurrence.
Keywords: Stoicism, events type vs. token events, qualities, dispositions, ambiguity

Algunas consecuencias filosóficas del trabajo de Kurt Gödel

[Some Philosophical Consequences of Kurt Godel's Work]

Carlos Alberto Cardona Suárez

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Abstract: This article presents Godel's defense of platonic realism taking the incompleteness theorem as a starting point. It holds a close parallelism with what we could denominate the failure of the Cartesian program. The Cartesian program failed when it wanted to show the full autonomy of reason and it had to recognize sensorial intuition as another source for objective knowledge of external objects. In the same way, Hilbert's program, as we can deduce from the incompleteness theorems, failed when it tried to show the full autonomy of formalized reason. Thus, the only resource to save the descriptive character of mathematical propositions, in Godel's view, is to postulate the intuition of abstract concepts. Godel's argument, likewise, requires that human mind be not reduced to a mere machine. This latter demand is also parallel to the defense of Cartesian dualism.
Keywords: intuition, incompleteness, platonism, dualism

El ser se hace de muchas maneras

[Being is Made in Several Ways]

Samuel Manuel Cabanchik

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Abstract: Pragmatism has become a kind of mandatory framework for any current philosophical debate. But, as usual, ideas fade away, as they are replaced by meaningless brand names. As a result, we get many odd conceptual mixtures, making it really difficult to fairly appreciate the authentic and profound pragmatist renovation of philosophy. In this paper, I'd like to highlight some of the main traits of pragmatism. I am particularly concerned with those changes that we may consider radical turns in metaphysics. In this regard, I will argue that Goodman's unrealistic pluralism is a natural consequence of some pragmatist theses. I will begin by considering one aspect of Austin's analysis of the use of 'real' to go on gauging the possibilities of a radically constructive view of reality.
Keywords: reality, pragmatism, Nelson Goodman, J.L. Austin, art, science

Las cosas naturales y las cosas no naturales; las fronteras de lo hereditario en el siglo XVIII

[Natural Things and Non-Natural Things. The Boundaries of the Hereditary in the Eighteenth Century]

Carlos López Beltrán

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Abstract: This paper aims at establishing the conceptual boundaries within which the transmission of physical and moral hereditary peculiarities were conceived during the eighteenth century in Europe. The domain of the hereditary in the period was linked to the passing down of accidental bodily features that could somehow be transmitted through the pathways of biological reproduction. At the same time, everything associated with the reproduction of essential bodily features lay conceptually outside the notion of the hereditary. The different eighteenth century views of reproduction adopted this dichotomy, which represented an internal boundary for the notion of heredity. The prevalence in the same period of the Galenic scheme of the Natural and the Non-Natural (things) allows a complementary exploration of the external boundary for hereditary transmission. The possibility that the body (constitution, temperament) could by some external influences be transformed, and that those changes could under some circumstances be communicated to the offspring defined the negotiation of this second boundary.
Keywords: heredity, inheritance, Galenism, Biology and Enlightenment

La definición del arte antes (y después) de su indefinibilidad

[The Definition of Art Before (and After) its Indefinability]

Juan Fló

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Abstract: In this paper I discuss some proposals about the definability of an (Weitz, Danto, Dickie, Levinson) in order to conclude that all of them imply some form of "institutionalism", and of "procedural definitions" which lack the interest and the applicability of authentic definitions. I propose a strategy consisting of giving up the difficulties that arise from the present situation of visual arts. This strategy can only be rejected if we suppose that the last manifestations of an reveal a difficulty also present in former an. But this would be so if a valid definition for all that previous history were imposible. I propose, then, a conception of art as a historical process which neither possesses an essence nor develops from a program, but develops as a singular, identifiable entity, and not as mere succession or conglomerate. I discuss, then, the theoretical conditions required by this hypothesis and the historical facts that support it.
Keywords: Aesthetics, definition of art, Duchamp