volume XLVI, number 47, November 2001
Historias y argumentos
[Stories and Arguments]
Carlos Pereda >PDF (74KB)
Abstract: Experience can be organised in various ways, for example, in the form of stories
or arguments. This paper defends that at least these two forms possess
irreductible functions of their own. First, six differences between stories and
arguments are discussed (in contrast with arguments, stories possess: “nearness”
to experience, relative singularity, intrinsic criteria of evaluation, lack of
connection between form and truth, variety of functions, and open structure).
Afterwards, three common meta-properties are discussed (both discursive forms
intermingle constantly, both establish places of dispute and of cooperation, both
are instruments of diversity).
When is one or the other discursive form to be used? There are no precise,
fixed and general criteria to decide. With respect to this, each speaker depends
on his or her capacity of judgment.
Keywords: Arguments, Fiction, Stories, Irreducibility, Reality
Viejo y nuevo pragmatismo
[Pragmatism, Old and New]
Susan Haack >PDF (132KB)
Abstract: C.S. Peirce, the founder of pragmatism, proposed a reformed, scientific philosophy
guided by the pragmatic maxim, identifying the meaning of a concept
with its experiential consequences. Over time, however, pragmatism evolved:
from Peirce’s logical, ideal-realist articulation, through James’s more psychological
and nominalist pragmatism, until, in our times, Richard Rorty, who proposes
in the name of pragmatism that the metaphysical and epistemological territory
at the traditional center of philosophy be abandoned, and that philosophy remake
itself as a genre of literature, while at the other extreme such scientific
philosophers as Paul Churchland and Stephen Stich also describe themselves
as pragmatists. Looking at the history of pragmatism from Peirce and James
through Dewey, Mead, and Schiller to the present, this article traces the transmutation
of the old pragmatism into the new.
Keywords: Pragmatism, Peirce, Rorty, Truth, James
El gran juego: de Sócrates a José K.
[The Big Game: From Socrates to Joseph K.]
Oscar Nudler >PDF (83KB)
Abstract: A conceptual framework to deal with the prevailing mood of uncertainty surrounding
the meaning of life is introduced. To begin with, the interconnections
between meaning of life, form of life and image of the world are highlighted.
As a consequence, the three elements are seen as a tripod supporting human
existence. The historical development of such tripod from its origins in ancient Greece is then represented as a game —the Big Game— with players standing
for contending images of the world. It is claimed that such game went through
three major, destabilizing crises each of which symbolically associated to a judicial
episode: the trials of Socrates, Galileo, and Joseph K, respectively. A further
claim is made that the first two crises were followed by a reconstruction of the
tripod but the last one led to its destruction, thereby depriving the meaning of
life from its foundation. Finally, the possibility of a Socratic, post-foundationalist
meaning of life concept is pondered.
Keywords: Image of the World, Postfoundationalist, tripod, Meaning of Life