volume XLVI, number 46, May 2001
Las tesis panteístas de Isaac Newton
[Isaac Newton’s Pantheist Theses]
José A. Robles >PDF (175KB)
Abstract: In this paper, a discussion of some theological theses of Newton’s contained
in his posthumously published “De gravitatione et æquipondio fluidorum” (ca.
1668), I hold that his author maintains a pantheistic position which will still be
sustained in his Opticks (1704) and in the “General Scholium” to the “System of
the World” of the 1713/1726 editions of his magnificent Philosophiæ naturalis
Besides arguing for the aforementioned thesis of Newton’s, I also consider
two interesting proposals on Creation, that of John Scot Eriugena (ca. 810–
877) and that by the 16th century Kabalist, Isaac Luria (1534–1572), both of
whomh came to be seen as pantheists (Scot Eriugena’s views were condemned
by the Paris Council of 1210, 333 years after his death) even if they did not
meant their proposals to be so.
Finally, I consider a way to make sense of Newton’s theological proposals
within a treatise of natural philosophy.
Keywords: history of philosophy, natural philosophy, Newton, theology
La muerte según Baruch Spinoza: aproximaciones a una
[Death in Spinoza’s Ethics: Different Views about a Problematic
Diana Cohen >PDF (108KB)
Abstract: The notion of death is not free of problems within Spinoza’s theory of Substance.
If it is conceived as the destruction of the body, this definition complicates our
conception of death. But if matter is perennial energy, as Spinoza thinks, is it
possible to talk properly about annihilation? If it is said, instead, that death is
the loss of the personal identity, we may ask ourselves what does identity mean,
when literally read, Spinoza talks about just one real entity, the Substance. And
if we consider one of the most curious doctrines of the philosopher, that there
is something in the soul that does not perish with the body and is eternal, the
notion of death opens metaphysical questions that seem to collide with others
claims of the Ethics. I examine the framework of all these subjects and the
doubts that they arise about certain central thesis of the Ethics.
Keywords: conatus, death, destruction, identity, individual
Manifiesto nacionalista (o hasta separatista, si me
C. Ulises Moulines >PDF (113KB)
Abstract: The twofold thesis of this paper is that nationalism, as a program devoted
to the defense and development of nations, is a well-founded doctrine, both
on an ontologico-epistemological and on an axiological level. The ontologicoepistemological
part of the thesis is that nations are real empirical entities,
although they are not directly but rather theoretically identifiable —in quite the
same way as so many other theoretical entities of the most advanced sciences.
Nations are special types of ethnical groups; a “mini-theory” is laid out here settling
the “minimal axioms” that determine those entities. The axiological thesis
is that it is something good that the universe (especially in the sociocultural
domain) consists of as great a variety as possible of things; consequently, an
ethico-political program like nationalism, which propounds the preservation
and development of nations, should be valued positively.
Keywords: ethnical group, nation, nationalism, theoretical concepts